There are five main types of fishing that are used: bait fishing, fly fishing, jigging, ice fishing, and trolling. All of which are used in both fresh and saltwater fishing.

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Bait Fishing:

Bait fishing is one of the oldest and most widely used methods in the world. In Britain, it is used in fresh water to catch large fish, where fish swallow the bait on the hook.  Baits can be worms, small fish, dough, cheese, and small pieces of vegetables and grains.

Usually in this technique, fishermen present the bait to a group of fish. The depth varies depending on the type of fish. Some fish are bottom eaters (ex. carp), so the bait has to be presented on the bottom. Rods used are usually from 6-9 feet (1.8 to 2.7 meters), with a fixed reel and thread/line.

Ice Fishing:

Ice fishing is achieved by making holes in frozen lakes. It is very popular in the eastern United States and Canada. Its equipment is a three-foot (91 cm) rod with a simple reel bearing a single, inclined line, giving a signal when a fish swallows the bait. Various kinds of fish are caught in this way, and this method is also used in some European countries where the temperature drops below freezing degrees.

Fly fishing

Fly Fishing Line

Fly fishing is a method of fishing using a rod of 7 to 11 feet (2.1 to 3.4 meters) and special reel with a heavy thread wrapped in plastic. Artificial flies made of hair, feathers or synthetic materials are designed to resemble real fish food and motion. The line allows a lightweight fly to move forward and should be lowered as gently as possible to avoid extra large fish. Many species of fish are caught in this way including, most popularly in rivers, salmon and trout.

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Trolling:

The live or artificial bait is pulled behind a slow or fast moving boat. This method can be used in both freshwater and saltwater. It covers a large area of water where fish are difficult to locate, where depth and speed are important in attracting fish. Rod length is usually 5-7 feet (1.5-2.1 meters), with a long line, and weights are added to get greater depth.

Net Fishing:

Nets are made of fine nylon, wool or silk yarn.  The simplest net has a mesh that is attached to a hard handle that can easily grasp and control the fish. Large nets has been used since ancient times for near-surface fishing. Usually from a small boat to throw the net into the water while rowing. Net fishing is not allowed in some countries or water bodies. You have to check your zone regulations before you fish with this technique.

Shore Fishing:

Shore Fishing

There are many fishermen who do not own a boat or simply do not like boats. Some of them prefer to fish from land.

Platforms, ports, ship docks and marinas are common for shore fishing. A solid type of reel is needed to pull the bait and the fish from long distances fighting against the momentum of the waves.

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